Information about Turkey: Turkey officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly on the Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, parliamentary republic with a diverse cultural heritage. Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Greece to the west; Bulgaria to the northwest; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. The Aegean Sea is to the west, the Black Sea to the north, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.. Read More...

Cunda Island

KrugerNP

Cunda Island, also called Alibey Island, is the largest of the Ayvalık Islands archipelago in Turkey, which was historically called the Εκατόνησα or Μοσχονήσια archipelago in Greek. It is a small island in the northwestern Aegean Sea, off the coast of Ayvalık in Balıkesir Province, Turkey, with an area of 23 square kilometres (9 sq mi). It is located 16 kilometres (10 miles) east of Lesbos, Greece.


Cunda Island has a typical Aegean resort town. There are frequent bus and ferry services to Cunda Island from the town center of Ayvalık. Cunda Island is connected to Lale Island, and thence to the mainland, by a bridge and causeway built in the late 1960s. This is the first and currently the oldest surviving bridge in Turkey that connects lands separated by a strait.


For some months in 1922, the island was the see of a Greek Orthodox metropolitan bishop, while the neoclassical mansion of the last metropolitan, Ambrosios, who was executed by the Turkish army, still survives on the seafront of the island’s town center. On September 19, 1922 several hundred of the Greek islanders were killed on Cunda during the Greek genocide, only some children were spared and sent to orphanages. The next year, following the Treaty of Lausanne (1923) and the population exchange between Greece and Turkey, the few remaining islanders were forced to leave for Greece and were replaced by Cretan Turks and Turks from Lesbos. The main landmark of Cunda Island remains the Taksiarchis Church (Turkish: Taksiyarhis Kilisesi). The large, former Greek Orthodox cathedral was abandoned and dilapidated, but has now been restored.


Poroselene bay in the north of the island is among Cunda’s main sights. In antiquity, it was the home of a dolphin which saved a drowning boy, mentioned by Pausanias. In 2007, after a two-year work, all 551 buildings in Cunda Island were inspected and registered by the Turkish Science Academy and Yıldız Technical University Faculty of Architecture, as part of the “Culture of Turkey inventory project”.

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